Form study - Topology

Tubular objects are common in daily life, range from entity to virtua
l, dynamic to static.

The most common tubular object is the pipe in public facilities. All I can see is a section of the pipe, not the stem nor the stern. Tubes at the same location are always ramified from the same senior tube, another evidence of urban modernization: centralized and decentralized. But where it separate and how many branches are unknown. The uncertainty form and unknown end meet the definition of topology.


1 The study of geometric properties and spatial relations unaffected by the continuous change of shape or size of figures.

2 The way in which constituent parts are interrelated or arranged.

So I used the concept of topology to further set the rules: four ends. The development of form is inspired by everyday objects such as clothes, utensils, etc.